Patients Education - :: Glaucoma ::



What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve—the part of the eye that carries the images we see to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many nerve fibers, like an electric cable containing numerous wires. When damage to the optic nerve fibers occurs, blind spots develop. These blind spots usually go undetected until the optic nerve is significantly damaged. If the entire nerve is destroyed, blindness results.
Early detection and treatment by your ophthalmologist (Eye M.D.) are the keys to preventing optic nerve damage and blindness from glaucoma.
Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in the India, especially for older people. But loss of sight from glaucoma can often be prevented with early treatment.

What causes Glaucoma?

Clear liquid called aqueous humor circulates inside the front portion of the eye. To maintain a healthy level of pressure within the eye, a small amount of this fluid is produced constantly while an equal amount flows out of the eye through a microscopic drainage system. (This liquid is not part of the tears on the outer surface of the eye.)
Because the eye is a closed structure, if the drainage area for the aqueous humor—called the drainage angle—is blocked, the excess fluid cannot flow out of the eye. Fluid pressure within the eye increases, pushing against the optic nerve and causing damage.

Who is at risk for glaucoma?

Your ophthalmologist considers many kinds of information to determine your risk for developing the disease.

  • Age;
  • Elevated eye pressure;
  • Family history of glaucoma;
  • Farsightedness or nearsightedness;
  • Past eye injuries;
  • Thinner central corneal thickness;
  • Systemic health problems, including diabetes, migraine headaches, and poor circulation.

Loss of vision can be prevented:

Regular medical eye exams can help prevent unnecessary vision loss. Recommended intervals for eye exams are:

  • Ages 40 to 64: Every 2 to 4 years.
  • Ages 65 or older: Every 1 to 2 years.

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Contact Us

Gogi Eye Clinic, Aligarh, is one of the oldest hospitals in the town. It is located strategically at a premium location on Ramghat Road and is easily accessible to all parts of the town.

Address:Ramghat Road, Aligarh
Telephone: 0571-3290303,+91-9837182738
E-mail:[email protected]